This research brief was produced for the Community Solutions Network, a program of Future Cities Canada. As the program lead, Evergreen is working with Open North and partners to help communities of all sizes across Canada navigate the smart cities landscape.

This research brief was written by Vickey Simovic. It is an adaptation of a Masters Research Paper presented to Ryerson University for the Master of Planning in Urban Development, supervised by Dr. Pamela Robinson.

The Community Solutions Research Series is curated and edited by Julie Fader, Program Officer at Evergreen.

The Community Solutions Network is supported with funding provided by Infrastructure Canada. The views expressed in this publication are the views of the author and Evergreen and do not necessarily reflect those of the Government of Canada.

Designed by Jiali Ou.